Bactrocera oleae biological control pdf

Pdf prospects for improving biological control of olive. Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes against the olive. Isolation and characterisation of yeast strains for the olive fly bactrocera oleae biological control article pdf available january 2008 with 93 reads how we measure reads. Introduction of the african parasitoid psyttalia lounsburyi. Landscape effects on the complex of bactrocera oleae parasitoids and implications for conservation biological control.

The characterization of the circadian clock in the olive fly bactrocera. Attract and kill of the olive fruit fly bactrocera oleae in. Kaya departments of entomology and nematology, university of california, davis, ca 95616, usa. The adult olive fruit fly is very small about 5 mm long, with a wingspan of 10 mm weems 1966.

Tephritidae is one of the major insect pests which renders the fruit to become unfit for human consumption. The olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae rossi, is a widespread, monophagous pest that feeds exclusively on wild and cultivated olives daane and johnson 2010. Assessment of the entomopathogenic nematodes against maggots. Developing and implementation of decision support system dss. The olive fruit fly olf bactrocera oleae rossi diptera. Seventythree species of bactrocera have been reared from commercial andor edible host fruit, hence they are treated here as destructive or potential pests, out of a total of 210 species reared from over 811 host species 8,14,15,16,17,18,19. Pdf landscape effects on the complex of bactrocera oleae. As part of a classical biological control programme, psyttalia ponerophaga silvestri was imported to california from pakistan and evaluated in quarantine. In laboratory experiments, sporesand crystals of the b. Wings are largely transparent, with a dark brownishblack spot at the tip of each wing.

The pest is classified on the a1 list of pests recommended for regulation. Aug 16, 2019 the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis hendel diptera. Case studies of the eipagri focus group on pests and diseases in the olive tree. The olive fruit fly bactrocera oleae is one of the most serious and. Most notably, the exotic rust, puccinea jaceae var. The susceptibility of preimaginal and adult olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae gmelin diptera. The olive fruit fly bactrocera oleae, dacus oleae is a species of fruit fly, which belongs to the subfamily dacinae.

Monitoring of bactrocera oleae in order to monitor insect populations adequately, it is important to have systems, which record both biological and climatic data. Stateoftheart and research prospectings in biological and integrated control of the olive fly b. Bactrocera oleae is the most economically damaging insect of olive in the mediterranean. Biological control and integrated pest management of olive fly bactrocera oleae rossi diptera. The olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae rossi diptera. Alternative methods for controlling the olive fly, bactrocera. Braconidae for biological control of olive fruit fly diptera. Olive fly bactrocera oleae gmelin contributing to olive fly research efforts in california are.

Olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae rossi, is a worldwide pest of olives. California department of food and agriculture, plant health and pest prevention services. Among these strains, culture supernatant cs of one bacterial strain displayed the highest rate of. Key words biological control, secondary metabolite. Isolation and characterisation of yeast strains for the olive. In this study, we have isolated 115 bacterial strains from various ecological niches, and tested their ability to protect the olive fruits against bactrocera oleae. Results indicated that in isolated olive groves and in areas where the olive fruit fly develops low or medium population densities, one killing device per tree, baited with ammonium bicarbonate and pheromone, has the potential to keep the olive fruit fly population and the fruit infestation low.

It has been an exciting year for several of the projects pursued by the biological control program. Photograph by natasha wright, florida department of agriculture and consumer services. Biological parameters that would improve rearing and. Tephritidae with metarhizium brunneum and its extracts. Biological control program 2004 summary developed by patrick akers jim brown kris godfrey charles pickett mike pitcairn william roltsch baldo villegas dale woods california department of food and agriculture plant health and pest prevention services integrated pest control branch cite as. Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes against the olive fruit. Bactrocera oleae dacuoloverview eppo global database. Within the mediterranean basin, pest infestation of the olive tree especially by bactrocera oleae is a serious economic problem. Olive fruit fly oxford academic journals oxford university press. Potential distribution of bactrocera oleae and the parasitoids fopius arisanus and psyttalia concolor, aiming at classical biological control fernanda appel muller, nayma pinto dias, marco silva gottschalk, flavio roberto mello garcia, dori edson nava. Pdf the susceptibility of preimaginal and adult olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae gmelin diptera.

To discover new parasitoids for a biological control program in california, olives were collected from various locations in. Introductions of the african parasitoid psyttalia lounsburyi in south of france for classical biological control of bactrocera oleae jeanclaude malausa, alexandra augustemaros, sandrine cheyppebuchmann, geraldine groussierbout, nicolas ris, marcel thaon, sylvie warot, xavier fauvergue. Role of edaphic arthropods on the biological control of the. These data need to be collected in real time and give us information about both adult and larval stages. However, its use is being restricted year by year by o cial authorities due to its impact on the environment, human health, and the development of resistance in targeted pest.

It is a phytophagous species, whose larvae feed on the fruit of olive trees, hence the common name. Bactrocera oleae rossi, reproductive biology and morphology, degree day model, integrated pest management. Bactrocera oleae reproductive biology bulletin of insectology. Biological control and integrated pest management of olive. Olive fruits from the oviposition testwere dipped into a.

The olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae, is the single most important pest for the. Pdf biological control and integrated pest management of olive. Braconidae as a potential biological control agent of olive fruit fly bactrocera oleae diptera. The use of pa for pest control has been applied to improve the control andor detection of several pests. Oct 10, 2019 designing biological control strategies for the olive fruit fly bactrocera oleae rossi by predators requires the study of their biology and effectiveness. The olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae rossi, is a widespread, monophagous pest that. Development of an artificial intelligence system for the prediction of the olive fly pest ricardo. Tephritidae is considered the most devastating pest of the olive tree worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the pathogenicity of entomopathogenic nematodes epns, heterorhabditis bacteriophora, h.

Effect of local and landscape factors on abundance of ground. The biological control agent we focused on the koinobiont endoparasitoid p. A pcrbased diagnostic assay for detecting dna of the olive. Pdf isolation and characterisation of yeast strains for. Tephritidae, to a strain of the mitosporic ascomycete metarhizium brunneum petch hypocreales. This species complex forms a group within the subgenus bactrocera and the name may therefore be cited as bactrocera bactrocera dorsalis. Current control methods against olive fly rely overwhelmingly on the use of. Insecticidal activity of an indian botanical insecticide. Wright, florida department of agriculture and consumer services, biological control.

As breadfruit is a fruit fly host, it requires quarantine treatment if it is to be exported fresh to new zealand from fiji and neighbouring areas of production. Genetic studies suggest that this fruit fly is native to africa, where its original host plants were wild precursors of the cultivated olive nardi et al. Prospects for improving biological control of olive fruit fly, bactrocera. Olive fruit fly bactrocera oleae ufifas edis university of florida. Prospects for improving biological control of olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae diptera. In an effort to develop management and biological control strategies against this pest, new molecular tools are urgently needed. Tephritidae, with introduced parasitoids hymenoptera. Tephritidae, with introduced parasitoids hymenoptera article fulltext available. The olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae rossi, is a newly invasive, significant threat to californias olive industry.

Introductions of the african parasitoid psyttalia lounsburyi. Susceptibility of olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae diptera. Tephritidae 3 biological control many insects have been investigated as potential biological control agents of the olive fruit fly. Tephritidaeis the primary economic pest in all olive growing regions of europe, north. As a reliable alternative to synthetic chemical insecticides, botanical pesticides from plant extracts are also considered natural control methods safe for the environment and human health. Marshall johnson, ucr kent daane, ucb robert van steenwyk, ucb susan opp, csu hayward russell messing, u of hawaii alan kirk, usda ars charlie pickett, cdfa frank zalom, ucd hannah burrack, ucd louise ferguson, ucd judy stewartleslie, pma tim.

In severe cases, losses may reach up to 100% in some fruit crops. Daane and johnson 2010 recommended a small group of braconid wasps that parasitize the olive fruit fly in its native range. Olive fruit fly is a key pest of olive and consequently a serious threat to olive fruit and oil production throughout the mediterranean region. An overview of pest species of bactrocera fruit flies. Biocontrol potential of a bacillus subtilis strain against. Olive fruit fly, bactrocera oleae rossi, was discovered in california in late 1998. Bactrocera dorsalis is a member of the oriental fruit fly b. Longevity, oviposition period, number of eggs produced, andpercent hatch were recorded. Case studies of the eipagri focus group on pests and.

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